The owner of a Kubota L2501 diesel tractor may face a situation where the engine does not respond to pressing the gas pedal, does not pick up speed, and may also stall.
The cause of this problem can be both trivial things and serious malfunctions. Let’s consider the most likely ones.
Typical malfunctions due to which the Kubota L2501 diesel does not gain momentum:
- Clogged air filter – due to a clogged filter, the air supply is interrupted, as a result, the engine runs unevenly, loses power, does not pick up speed. It is worth checking the air filter in any case: it is possible that a foreign object has got into it.
- Intake air leaks – if due to defects in the intake system, excess air enters the engine, the normal composition of the fuel-air mixture is disturbed – it becomes “lean” (little fuel). As a result, the diesel Kubota L2501 starts, but works intermittently and does not gain momentum.
- Incorrect operation of the sensors – if the sensors that assess the external conditions and operating modes of the engine, thereby affecting the composition of the fuel-air mixture, malfunction, the engine will not pick up speed due to a too rich or lean mixture. Therefore, if there is a problem of power loss, it is worth checking the mass air flow sensor (MAF), oxygen sensor (lambda probe), idle speed regulator (IAC) and a number of others.
- Malfunctions of the gas distribution mechanism – if the synchronous operation of the timing is disrupted, the intake and exhaust valves do not open according to the mode. As a result, the harmonious operation of the diesel engine is grossly disturbed. The cause of the problem should be sought in an error at the time of replacing the timing belt, when it jumps one or more teeth, or an incorrectly checked valve clearance adjustment, or in a breakdown of the timing chain drive.
- Wear of parts of the cylinder-piston group (CPG), carbon deposits in the combustion chamber – if the elements of the cylinder-piston group of the engine are worn out or carbon deposits have accumulated in the combustion chamber, its tightness is broken due to backlash: the valves do not fit tightly to the seats or do not close due to for coking. As a result, some of the gases break through, the engine overheats, the valves or their seats burn out. All this directly affects the stability of the engine, causes failures in operation, loss of power. Due to worn piston rings, compression in the cylinders drops, part of the gases enters the crankcase, and the fuel burns out incompletely. To determine the problem, you need to remove the crankcase ventilation hose and evaluate how much the engine is smoking. If excessive and pulsating, the problem with loss of power is caused by the condition of the piston rings.
- Incorrectly set ignition angle – one of the reasons why the engine does not pick up speed is a malfunction in the ignition system. In the Kubota L2501 diesel engine, there is no ignition system as such, and the solution to the ignition issue is the choice of the angle for determining the fuel injection by adjusting the position of the piston at the time of fuel injection into the cylinder. The ignition angle is extremely important. Even a slight error of one degree when setting the ignition angle can damage a diesel engine. If the angle is incorrect, the fuel injection into the cylinder will be untimely, the fuel will not burn completely. As a result, the cylinders will not be able to work harmoniously, the fuel is wasted on useless work, the driver presses the gas pedal, but does not get the return from the engine. The ignition angle is set on the injection pump. If a mechanical fuel equipment is installed on a diesel engine, the injection advance angle can be adjusted independently by turning the pump around an axis or a toothed pulley relative to the hub. But we do not recommend adjusting the ignition angle on your own – it is better to contact a specialist.
- Failure of the ECU – the electronic control unit may fail due to flashing (unsuccessful chip tuning, for example) or after washing the engine. In this case, the motor will pick up speed and immediately reset it: the ECU will perceive even normal low ones, of the order of 2-3 thousand rpm, as extremely high and stop the fuel supply to the combustion chamber. And on the dashboard, the Check Engine lamp will most likely light up.
- Failure of the high-pressure fuel pump – usually, such a problem with the fuel equipment on diesel engines does not arise immediately, but manifests itself gradually. When the pump starts pumping fuel weakly, its pressure is enough only for the operation of the internal combustion engine in idle mode. When you try to raise the load, the motor stalls and does not pick up speed. Causes can be varied, from corrosion on the high pressure fuel pump blades to plunger wear.
- Poor fuel quality, water in the fuel, or long-term parking of the Kubota L2501 tractor, due to which various deposits, rust and dirt form in the fuel tank. They can get into the high pressure fuel pump and form a blockage of both the pump itself and the nozzles.
Some of these malfunctions can be eliminated on their own, however, to eliminate some other malfunctions, you will have to resort to the help of professionals.